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Famous Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory that can be applied for any individual at the workplace. This theory is about the order of Physiological needs, Safety needs, Love and belongingness needs, Esteem needs, and Self-actualization needs of an individual.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs must be followed from the bottom (Physiological needs) to top (Self-actualization needs) respectively. Anyway, It is not mandatory to complete a hundred percent of a particular need to move on to the next level. The needs among the individual are different depending on their education, desires…etc. Going up and down on the hierarchy of needs can occur through the lifetime of anybody depending on the personal factors and as well as external influences.

The year 2020 is a good example to show this behavior of moving up and downs on the hierarchy of needs. Every individual in the world was at different levels of this hierarchy at the beginning of the year 2020. The world is affected by the COVID 19 pandemic in early 2020. Most of the cities and countries in the world are in lockdown to control the spread of COVID 19. Due to this situation, the needs of the world population drastically changed.

This tragedy started in Wuhan China in December 2019. Even after 6 months of time with COVID 19, the end to this global disaster seems far away. Most of the individual’s priority becomes safety needs in this pandemic situation regardless of their needs in the “Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs” before this tragedy. In some country’s people working in the Essential services, they walked away from their jobs due to the fear of getting infected with COVID 19. This shows that their priority becomes health and safety of their own other than anything.

While the day to day activities continue, Thee government institutions and also the private companies must concentrate more on the health and safety needs of the employee to motivate them to work.

Here are some of the suggestions which can be followed by organizations to improve safety within their premises.

  • Make your working environments clean and hygienic.
  • Give good knowledge about COVID 19 to employees.
  • Encourage employees, customers and supportive parties to regular hand wash.
  • Provide facilities to employees and customers to maintain proper hygiene among them such as face masks, soap, sanitizers, and temporary tap lines.
  • Reduce gatherings, Meetings within the premises, and maintain social distancing.
  • Be prepared to face the situation, if found a person with symptoms of COVID 19.

If possible make an arrangement to measure the body temperature regularly.

Timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in January 2020
Infecting healthy people may speed up the development of COVID-19 vaccine
Two drugs enter Phase III clinical trial to treat COVID-19


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