Defining Kawasaki Disease
You might have heard of Kawasaki Disease or you may not. With the ongoing pandemic of Coronavirus, notably, Kawasaki Disease has emerged as another cause for worsening people’s lives. Remarkably, the first case has appeared in Japan and affected frequency has widened its hands in Asia, USA and Western Europe. The vulnerability of Kawasaki disease is more towards the children under five.
Getting deeper into this disease, Kawasaki disease is also known as Kawasaki syndrome or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. Basically this condition appears as inflamed blood vessels. By this inflammation, coronary arteries which carry blood to the heart can be damaged. This is one of the major reasons for cardiac diseases in children. Also, it can be the reason for difficulties with lymph nodes, skin, and the lining of a child’s mouth, nose, and throat. If the symptoms are identified & treated earlier Kawasaki disease can be cured.
The cause of Kawasaki disease is yet a mystery. But scientists predict that the syndrome is related to viruses, genes, bacteria and other chemicals or irritants used around kids. At some points, this illness is believed to be an early childhood infection to which every child undergoes and among the few acts abnormally to this infection.
Symptoms of Kawasaki
The disease comes on fast, and symptoms and signs show up in phases.
- The first phase usually involves a high fever that lasts for at least 5 days. The fever does not go down with the usual medication works on fever. Red eyes, lips, and mouth; rash; swollen and red hands and feet; and swollen lymph nodes. Swollen, bright red “strawberry tongue”
- The second phase usually begins 2 weeks after the fever started. Peeling skin on the hands and feet, joint pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, belly pain.
If your child is suffering from the above-mentioned symptoms, it would be better to get done a heart scan. Lack of knowledge about Kawasaki Disease may lead to miss these symptoms then the results will be harmful. Severe cardiovascular complications in later life, with myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and sudden death at a young age will be the results of not following the precautions.
How is Kawasaki Disease treated?
Fore mostly, it is necessary to consult a doctor and go for medication under a doctor’s prescription and this need to be done immediately with the occurrence of symptoms. The doctor will probably give immune globulin into a vein (intravenous, or IV) this has proteins called antibodies to help fight infection. With aspirin, it will reduce the risk of heart issues when they get it early on in treatment. IVIG may not work and doctors prescribe steroids instead. Steroids can help prevent coronary aneurysms. Treating this disease at an early stage may help to avoid permanent damages.